Tendency of social development and new approaches
Before to make our proposals we consider it will be important to attract attention to role of innovations in the society in common and in economy in particular. New knowledge always gave an impulse to technical progress, to creating new means of human vital activity, to development of humanistic field. We have not a doubt that the discovery of First Created Principle Alpha penetrating all levels of material and mental world, economical and social processes, relate to discoveries of break-through type and it will be a new important factor of progress.
To search right ways and methods of development new knowledge it is necessary to understand modern key tendencies in social development. So many economists and politicians consider, as Jan Hamilton the leading specialist in London.
School of economy and policy in XXI century the role of technological and organization tendencies will grow under influence of globalization and European integration. Innovations, as Hamilton consider, converted into "industrial religion of XX century end". Value and material goods create new technologies, materials, services and even new geopolitical ideas. Profit rise is connected with intellectual technologies, which rely on human capital of creators, on informational secrets and "know-how". All these novelty elements contains in discovered Alpha-principle and guarantee diversification, "creative destruction" (according to Humpeter) of many traditional ideas, installation of new goals, creation of new goods, services, and consequently forming of new base of taxes.
In investigation by A.Hamilton a big role of "organizational tendencies" and "idea of partnership of business and control organs" is emphasized. To shorten innovational cycle and first of all, period of investigation popularization, and inventions on base of perfectly new principle which brings new facts, concepts and possibilities it is required perfectly new organizational approaches.
It is unlikely right to put future of new discoveries to depend on special and as a rule not equavalent examinations and experts on all specter of Knowledge are not exist.
The new knowledge is more reasonable to present to open society and to… time, pressing its spring, accelerating process of moving of Alpha-principle in social consciousness. So "presumption of guilt" will be abolished it demand from new knowledge infinite proofs of it's rightness for traditional skepticism and absolute ideals of science. This happens with loss of priority and "rate of use".
The methods of new knowledge moving into social consciousness.
Publications in prestige clannish magazines are not enough effective, so are lectures at mixed on themes conferences. More effective can be goal-oriented informational actions, directed to young university auditorium, to highest managers, to heads of power structures.
Support on means of telecommunication and popular information.
Protection of intellectual property
Literally works in which essence of discovery is stated and corresponding data base are related simple registered as intellectual property. But spendings are necessary, which rise much during development and protection of patents. To ensure financing of intellectual property, protection evidently is possible of business expenses by partly yielding of author's rights to them.
Intellectual capital evaluation
In accordance with working documents of Special-purpose group about evaluation and capitalization of intellectual activities of UNO European economic commission it is more correct to use conception of "intellectual capital" than "intellectual property". It is in a sense more close to conception "intangible capital" (IC) which has been using in econometry since 1990. The IC is very extensive. It includes all rights of scientific works, scientific discoveries, inventions, industrial specimens, trade marks etc.
The evaluation of patents and licences for trade is relatively well elaborated. For such IC evaluation are used a profitable, a market and expenditures method.
By these methods the evaluation of concrete nonmetrical activities to estimate IC of in principle new knowledge which has multifield activity the application of such methods is very problematic and big expenditures are required.
It is necessary to develop other approaches to evaluate IC of new knowledge during investigations period and period of primary development going out of potential value of this new knowledge and its prognozed consumer cost.
The most useful variant of the evaluation is the method of a new discovery analogy with similar discoveries, which were made earlier and which are IC now.
From our point of view The first created principle alpha has not such analogy. But there are discrete analogies, such ones we consider these five most important discoveries of the XX century:
|Year||Researches||Country||Content of research|
|1903||K.E.Ziolkovsky||Russia||Publishing of work "Investigation of world space by reactive device". This work made base for cosmonautics.|
|1905||Albert Einstein||Switzerland||Publishing of base work on common relativlity theory "Annals of physics", which lead to revolution in understanding of world processes.|
|1913||Nils Bor||Great Britain||Creation of new quant atom model. Departure from classic ideas and beginning of wide introduction quantum ideas in modern science.|
|1939||Semion Davidovich and Valentina Kirlian||USSR||Discovery and description of phenomenon of avalanche discharge visualization (coronary luminescence in electric field)|
|1961|| ||USSR||The first flight in space, Yury Gagarin.|
Such quality comparisons or evaluation of investments volumes made in early discoveries and their contribution in internal gross output and in the concrete business profit will be encouraging argument for serious investors.
In conditions of modern market economy the financing of scientific investigations and development depend on terms of realization of concrete results. Going out of universality of First Created principle Alpha and potential of its effective application in many fields of activities it is necessary to develop new transparent schemes of investments. This may be new schemes and conditions of venture financing, future deals with intellectual capital, drawing of free from taxes means of symphatizers and also new motivation for private funds, insurance companies and regional budgetes.
|Invest in novelty!|
|Our children guarantee success!|
- Айан Хэмилтон. Лондонская школа экономики и политических наук. Инновационная и корпоративная реструктуризация в мировой экономике. Международный бизнес и корпоративное управление, №6, 2000. (Internet)
- ООН. Экономический и социальный совет. Европейская Экономическая комиссия. Целевая группа на высоком уровне по оценке и капитализации интеллектуальных активов (Первое совещание, Женева, 18-19 ноября 2002 г.). Рабочий документ для обсуждения.
- Пять научных событий века. Составитель Светлов А.В., сотрудник НИЛИПЭ. (www.roerich.ru)